The human presence in Gallura has been documented since time immemorial and all the civilizations that lived in these places have left their traces, from the first men who lived in the cavities of the rock to the present day and in the towns around Villa Anastasia these traces are evident.
Olbia (whose name in ancient Greek means happy city) has an ancient history.
Despite various vicissitudes and destruction, fires and bombings has come down to us. The archaeological finds of the ancient civilizations lived here are preserved in the Archaeological Museum, a modern and imposing structure that preserves over five thousand years of the history of our city.
The building that should ideally represent a ship, rests on the island of Peddone, which was once the customs headquarters and whose building has been incorporated intact into the museum’s structure.
The visitor’s journey takes place on two floors, the first of which is dedicated to the finds (unique in their kind) of Roman ships of the imperial era. They were set on fire and sunk during a Vandal raid around 450 AD. In the upper rooms, exhibits ranging from the pre-nuragic and nuragic periods onwards, through the Phoenician, Punic, Roman and Medieval periods are on display.
The museum is open from Wednesday to Sunday from 10:00 AM to 1:00 PM and from 5:00 PM to 8:00 PM
In the surroundings of Olbia we have several archaeological sites that can be visited: the Tombs of the Giants of Su Mont’e s’Abe near the medieval Castle of Pedres, several nuraghi including Rio Mulinu in Cabu Abbas known for its imposing walls, the sacred well Sa Testa which is located on the coast road to Golfo Aranci (where there is another sacred well), the excavations of the necropolis of San Simplicio and its Romanesque basilica, the ancient Punic city wall, the Punic tower of Punta Nuraghe in Porto Rotondo, the remains of the Roman aqueduct visible in different parts of the city and it could continue for a long time.
In Arzachena, a few kilometers away, it is also possible to visit several archaeological sites in excellent condition. Here too it is possible to be accompanied by local tour guides for the visit.
Of particular interest are the Nuraghe La Prisgionia and the tombs of the giants Lu Coddu Ecchiu, Li Lolghi and the Tempietto Malchittu. Even inside the town, in the center, we find the famous rock “Il Fungo” (the mushroom) which preserves the remains of a settlement from the Neolithic (and later) Nuragic periods.
Museums are also present in Budoni, Aggius, Calangianus, La Maddalena and in almost all the towns of Gallura.